For many, a fall might seem like a minor injury. However, for your elderly loved one, it is a serious concern. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, falls are the leading cause of injury deaths for people over the age of 65 and are the most common cause of nonfatal injury and trauma. In 2010, there were 2.3 million elderly fall-related injuries treated in emergency rooms nationwide and approximately 600,000 of those cases resulted in hospitalization. With statistics like these it is important to protect your loved one from preventable falls. Here are some ways to safeguard the elderly in your care.
1. Create clear walkways and pathways in the home. Move furniture so it is not in the direct walkways and remove or secure rugs on the floors. By making the path clear, there is a smaller chance your loved one can trip over furniture and slip on loose rugs. Make sure that there are accessible handrails if necessary and that there are no loose stairs.
2. Create uniform lighting throughout the house. Replace all light bulbs and make sure none are burnt out around the house. Glare from un-uniform light can cause people to miss things in front of them. Poor visibility can increase their chances of falling.
3. Have them exercise regularly. Regular exercise can increase leg strength and improve balance and coordination.
4. Have them visit their doctors. You and your loved one should check with your doctor to ensure that the medications your loved one is taking do not create a reaction that makes them dizzy or drowsy. Also, have their vision checked at least once per year, as poor vision can increase the person’s risk of falling.
If you are especially concerned about the chances of your loved one falling, consider giving them an alert device that can call for help if they cannot reach a phone.
By taking these precautions, you can create a safe environment and reduce the risk of easily preventable fall-related injuries.
Recently in the news, there has been a great debate over the health benefits of having a pet companion for an elderly person, particularly an elderly person who is ill. While some studies rave about the positive effects that pets have on an older person’s health, others are more skeptical about the extent of the health benefits and worry about the potential health hazards associated with having pets at an old age. Here are some of the pros and cons, so you can decide if having a pet companion is right for your loved one.
PROS: Studies have shown that owning a pet can bring joy, happiness, and companionship to the elderly, particularly those who live alone. They can give them a sense of purpose, someone to love and take care of, and someone who loves them in return. Researchers have found that owning a pet can reduce stress and lower blood pressure, and it can increase the amount of physical activity that an older person partakes in daily. They can also allow for increased social interaction by getting the elderly person out of the house and interacting with other pets.
CONS: Pets can create a potential fall hazard for older people, as they can get underfoot and are not always easily visible. A study done by the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) showed that 30% of non-fatal fall injuries were the result of falling over a pet. Similarly, pets require significant care and taking care of them can lead to overexertion. Having pets can alter the living schedule of your loved one, which must be taken into account if your loved one does not adapt well to change. Additionally, if the pet were to die, researchers found that the grief reactions were severe and long lasting in their elderly subjects.
While some studies show that having a pet can greatly benefit the health of an elderly person, others remain inconclusive to the benefits and see many possible costs. It is important to look at your loved one’s current lifestyle, habits, emotional state, and ability when thinking about getting them a pet companion.